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Free eBook Evolution: The First Four Billion Years download

by Edward O. Wilson,Michael Ruse

Free eBook Evolution: The First Four Billion Years download ISBN: 0674062213
Author: Edward O. Wilson,Michael Ruse
Publisher: Belknap Press (November 30, 2011)
Language: English
Pages: 1008
Category: Math Science
Subcategory: Evolution
Size MP3: 1650 mb
Size FLAC: 1280 mb
Rating: 4.3
Format: mbr lrf doc lrf


Evolution: The First Four. has been added to your Cart. Evolution, which is slightly less than 1,000 pages long, covers almost every angle of its huge subject, from the perspective of science, religion, philosophy, and history. Evan R. Goldstein Chronicle of Higher Education 2009-03-06).

Evolution: The First Four. Condition: Used: Good. Harvard's blockbuster contribution to the Darwin anniversary is a substantial work at almost a thousand pages.

Did humans evolve from monkeys or from fish? In this enlightening talk, ichthyologist and TED Fellow Prosanta Chakrabarty dispels some hardwired myths about evolution.

Did humans evolve from monkeys or from fish? In this enlightening talk, ichthyologist and TED Fellow Prosanta Chakrabarty dispels some hardwired myths about evolution, encouraging us to remember that we're a small part of a complex, four-billion-year process - and not the end of the line. We're not the goal of evolution," Chakrabarty says. Think of us all as young leaves on this ancient and gigantic tree of life - connected by invisible branches not just to each other, but to our extinct relatives and our evolutionary ancestors.

Evolution: The First Four Billion Years. Michael Ruse, Joseph Travis, Edward O. Wilson. Evolution: The First Four Billion Years. Скачать (pdf, 8. 2 Mb).

Foreword Edward O. vii. Introduction Michael Ruse and Joseph Travis. ix. The History of Evolutionary Thought Michael Ruse. 1. The Origin of Life Jeffrey L. Bada and Antonio Lazcano. 49. Paleontology and the History of Life Michael Benton. 80. Adaptation Joseph Travis and David N. Reznick.

Edward O. Wilson (Foreword)

Edward O. Wilson (Foreword). Shala J. Hankison (Contributor). Running to almost 1,000 pages, Evolution: The First Four Billion Years, brings together learned essays and encyclopedia-style entries on a bracing range of evolutionary themes. There are delights for the armchair intellectual here, including philosopher Michael Ruse’s introductory chapter on the history of evolutionary thought, and historian David N. Livingstone’s balanced explication of the uneasy relationship between evolution and religion. Foreword by Edward O. London : Harvard University Press, 2009. Article in Isis 101(1):200-201 · March 2010 with 2 Reads. How we measure 'reads'.

Michael Ruse is Lucyle T. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Program in the History and Philosophy of Science, Florida State University

Часто встречающиеся слова и выражения. Michael Ruse is Lucyle T. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Program in the History and Philosophy of Science, Florida State University. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Program in the History and Philosophy of Science, Florida State University.

Publisher: Belknap Press. Life, after all, is too important.

Spanning evolutionary science from its inception to its latest findings, from discoveries and data to philosophy and history, this book is the most complete, authoritative, and inviting one-volume introduction to evolutionary biology available. Clear, informative, and comprehensive in scope, Evolution opens with a series of major essays dealing with the history and philosophy of evolutionary biology, with major empirical and theoretical questions in the science, from speciation to adaptation, from paleontology to evolutionary development (evo devo), and concluding with essays on the social and political significance of evolutionary biology today.

A second encyclopedic section travels the spectrum of topics in evolution with concise, informative, and accessible entries on individuals from ­Aristotle and Linneaus to Louis Leakey and Jean Lamarck; from T. H. Huxley and E. O. Wilson to Joseph Felsenstein and Motoo Kimura; and on subjects from altruism and amphibians to evolutionary psychology and Piltdown Man to the Scopes trial and social Darwinism. Readers will find the latest word on the history and philosophy of evolution, the nuances of the science itself, and the intricate interplay among evolutionary study, religion, philosophy, and ­society.

Appearing at the beginning of the Darwin Year of 2009―the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin and the 150th anniversary of the publication of the Origin of Species―this volume is a fitting tribute to the science Darwin set in motion.

User reviews
Azago
Great book on evolutionary biology.
Marirne
Got this as a gift for an aspiring biologist and shed loved every page!
Foginn
Good
Varshav
Comprehensive and readable. This book is a great resource for those who, like me, find that evolution makes sense of the world without in any way diminishing its grandeur.
Topmen
I love all the topics and authors, but many of them don't write well. Essays like these prove why a guy like Dawkins is so great -- most people can't write to save their lives. Glad I have it on my shelf because I love the title, subject, and spotted dinosaur tail on the spine, but it's mostly unread.
Buridora
There's a lot here in this book's almost 1000 pages. The first 400 pages are 16 chapters (about 25 pages each) by a variety of authors. You'll see chapters on "The History of Evolutionary Thought", "Molecular Evolution", "American Antievolutionism: Retrospect and Prospect", for example. The quality and style varies somewhat: some chapters are more technical than others. You will get some overlap. It's not quite as effective as if it were all written by the same person or pair of people, but it does cover, as it needs to, a broad ground, and does so very well.

Following these 16 chapters you get a 500+ page Alphabetical Guide. This covers ideas, people, nature, etc. So you get about a page and a half on Richard Dawkins, 3 1/2 pages on Stephen Jay Gould, a page on Thomas Malthus, two pages on Bishop Wilberforce, etc. Nothing, curiously, on Lysenko, although he is mentioned at a number of points in the book. There are entries on Crustacea, Insects, Homology, Natural Theology, Piltdown Man, etc. This is a fine book both for detailed reading and also for browsing as well: a good and worthy book for you library shelves!
Waiso
Why they gave as much space to Creationist thinking or Intelligent Design thought is beyond comprehension. These people--Creationists and Intelligent Design people--are lunatics, crackpots, and quite possibly psychotic. There is more of substance in Judeo-Christian Scripture than the question of whether God created the Earth in 6 days.(The "Binding of Isaac", JOB, the Passion Narrative".) In fact, at this point--many Bibles discuss Hebrew cosmogony within a context of Akkadian, Greek, Hittite, Aztec, Norse cosmogony. But the review is helpful to those who wonder about the orginis of the Creatioist or Intelligent Design debate. And while they are downright psychotic, they remind us that there is a concerted effort from them to take evolution out of the High School curriculum because such discussion dismisses/diminishes the relationship between a Deity and Humanity.

This book consists of a seriies of sixteen essays by different authors. And then follow almost 500 pages of encylopaedic entries about various topics on evolution and pivotal people in the development of evolutionary thought.

The topic of human evolution is far more complex than man is related to chimpanzees--however true that might be. There is sense that evolution occurs as response to environmental changes. And that these evolutionary adaptations can occur in a relativley short period of time--months in the instance of finches needing to adapt beak size to help in the search for food in dry spells...

There is a discussion of "Molecular Evolution" by Francisco J. Ayala, and the reader has to suspect that this is the core of the debate. This essay is followed by "Evolution of the Genome" by Brian Charlseworth and Deborah Charlseworth. And here again, the reader suspects the core of the debate.

But no matter what these scholars, scientists write--and they all write with amazing clarity of expression--they cannot resolve the question of 'why' an adaptation occurs--much less the 'how' of adaptation. We know what the practical effect of transformation from Protostome to Deuterstome--but no one has stepped forward and said this is 'how' it was done--much less this is 'why' it was done. What were the steps that went from chimpanzee like creature to Ardipithecus ramidas...some 6 million years ago? Of the 'how' and 'why' of the steps from Ardipithecus ramidas to Australopithecus amamensis? And the reader suspects, that just as there is no relationship between Neanderthal and Homo sapiens--the reader also questions any relationship between chimpanzee and Ardipithecus ramidas, despite what the scientists say. And while the chromosomes / genes might be similar--and suggestive of a relationship--the 'how' and 'why' remains elusive. And we are left without recourse to a deus ex machina to explain the occurence of any creature or any physiological adaptation...but we are not left without a sense of the miraculous. That somehow, the similarities of eyes, nose, ears, teeth, gut, lungs, respiration, cellular ATP etc--all work in similar fashion from creature to creature throughout the aeons. So what we are left wtih is a sense of the miraculous. The lack of 'how' and 'why' leaves us with an appreciation for the miraculous.

We do not attend worhsip services for science, or 'proof' of God. We attend to 'praise God from whom all blessings flow." We attend to re-affirm that act of Faith, we attend to thank a Deity for what we have received or are about to receive, we attend to bewail our manifold sins, we attend to re-assert existential control over our existence so that we end up somewhere between God and the Angels and not to descend to animal existence. A descent seen all too readily as in the case of Nazi atrocities that reduced humans to subhuman in order to justify cold-blooded, gruesome, purposeful extermination in the millions. So need for that sense of the Divine is not easily or readily dismissed. And anyone who thought about science, recognizes the role, the place of the miraculous where the 'how' and 'why' are unananswered yet respected.

So the reader studies these essays for the science revealed, for the scientific processes the various authors write of. The topic is incredibly complex and demanding intellectually. This should be one of several readily availble to the homeowner. While the topics are arcane, and challenging, the book is readable in small doses.
I came across this book recently by accident in the bookstore and was both surprised and very impressed at its coverage. Not only is this book a wonderful encyclopedia of both historical and current thinking in evolutionary biology, but it accomplishes this great depth and breadth in a single large but inexpensive volume. If you can only afford a small handful of books on life science, I suggest this should be one of them. Intended for the science educated but not neccessarily biological specialist reader. There are essays on concepts, controversies, applications, implications, links to other fields of science, links with the humanities and culture, just about everything that makes evolution such a dynamic and interesting field of study.