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Free eBook IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation download

by Edwin Black

Free eBook IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation download ISBN: 0609607995
Author: Edwin Black
Publisher: Crown; 1 edition (February 12, 2001)
Language: English
Pages: 528
Category: Historical
Subcategory: World
Size MP3: 1856 mb
Size FLAC: 1368 mb
Rating: 4.6
Format: lit mobi docx azw


IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation is a book by investigative journalist Edwin Black which details the business dealings of the American-based multinational corporation Inte.

IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation is a book by investigative journalist Edwin Black which details the business dealings of the American-based multinational corporation International Business Machines (IBM) and its German and other European subsidiaries with the government of Adolf Hitler during the 1930s and the years of World War II. In the book, published in 2001, Black outlined the way in which IBM's technology helped.

IBM and the Holocaust is the stunning story of IBM's strategic alliance with Nazi Germany - beginning in 1933 in the first weeks that Hitler came to power and continuing well into World War II. As the Third Reich embarked upon it. . As the Third Reich embarked upon its plan of conquest and genocide.

IBM and the Holocaust The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation By EDWIN BLACK Crown. This book will be profoundly uncomfortable to read. It was profoundly uncomfortable to write. It tells the story of IBM's conscious and through its subsidiaries-in the Holocaust, as well as its involvement in the Nazi war machine that murdered millions of others throughout Europe

The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America’s Most Powerful Corporation.

The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America’s Most Powerful Corporation.

Although many labored hard, without two heroic individuals this book.

Keleti in particular helped us assemble the murky facts about IBM in Sweden and Switzerland. Although many labored hard, without two heroic individuals this book simply could not have been completed. The first is Niels Cordes, formerly of the National Archives microfilm room.

IBM and the Holocaust book. This book is incredibly important as the first comprehensive work on the subject of IBM and its unfortunate involvement in the Holocaust. In the introduction to the novel, Black warns us that, Skipping around in this book will only lead to flawed and erroneous conclusions. So if you intend to skim, or rely on selected sections, please do not read the book at all. (11) This is good advice in an ideal world.

IBM And the holocaust. To my daughter, rachel, who will read this book, And to six million. The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America’s Most Powerful Corporation.

Edwin Black's IBM and the Holocaust documents the sequential convergence of technology and genocide in Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945, an abomination which received an uncaring assist from Thomas Watson and his IBM. Readers will find it fascinating that even when IB. Readers will find it fascinating that even when IBM New York lost day-to-day control of the Deutsche Hollerith Maschinen Gesellschaft .

Between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation.

IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation. 3. In his introduction to IBM and the Holocaust, Edwin Black makes much of the fact that every sentence in the book can be backed up by hardcopy documentatio. t a moment's notice, and that he quotes very exactly the words from telegrams, letters, and telephone transcripts.

IBM and the Holocaust is the stunning story of IBM's strategic alliance with Nazi Germany -- beginning in 1933 in the first weeks that Hitler came to power and continuing well into World War II. As the Third Reich embarked upon its plan of conquest and genocide, IBM and its subsidiaries helped create enabling technologies, step-by-step, from the identification and cataloging programs of the 1930s to the selections of the 1940s. Only after Jews were identified -- a massive and complex task that Hitler wanted done immediately -- could they be targeted for efficient asset confiscation, ghettoization, deportation, enslaved labor, and, ultimately, annihilation. It was a cross-tabulation and organizational challenge so monumental, it called for a computer. Of course, in the 1930s no computer existed. But IBM's Hollerith punch card technology did exist. Aided by the company's custom-designed and constantly updated Hollerith systems, Hitler was able to automate his persecution of the Jews. Historians have always been amazed at the speed and accuracy with which the Nazis were able to identify and locate European Jewry. Until now, the pieces of this puzzle have never been fully assembled. The fact is, IBM technology was used to organize nearly everything in Germany and then Nazi Europe, from the identification of the Jews in censuses, registrations, and ancestral tracing programs to the running of railroads and organizing of concentration camp slave labor. IBM and its German subsidiary custom-designed complex solutions, one by one, anticipating the Reich's needs. They did not merely sell the machines and walk away. Instead, IBM leased these machines for high fees and became the sole source of the billions of punch cards Hitler needed.IBM and the Holocaust takes you through the carefully crafted corporate collusion with the Third Reich, as well as the structured deniability of oral agreements, undated letters, and the Geneva intermediaries -- all undertaken as the newspapers blazed with accounts of persecution and destruction. Just as compelling is the human drama of one of our century's greatest minds, IBM founder Thomas Watson, who cooperated with the Nazis for the sake of profit. Only with IBM's technologic assistance was Hitler able to achieve the staggering numbers of the Holocaust. Edwin Black has now uncovered one of the last great mysteries of Germany's war against the Jews -- how did Hitler get the names?
User reviews
Bludworm
As a lifelong computer programmer raised in Silicon Valley, user of several punch-card-based IBM computers,
and aware of IBM's general history, I was very surprised when I first heard that the tattooed numbers on holocaust
victims' arms were ID numbers used in IBM data bases (based on punched cards, not full-purpose computers).
That revelation eventually led me to this book, which is THE book on the subject; no others even come close.

The author of this book - himself the son of two holocaust survivors - was also unaware of this connection as a boy
when his parents took him to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in New York City, where a German IBM card punch
machine was positioned at the entrance to the museum, with no indication of its far-reaching usage by the Third Reich.
As an adult, Black researched this connection and found an amazing absence of information everywhere about it,
even among organizations and individuals who had done deep research into all aspects of the holocaust.
Black decided to expose the whole intimate complicity of IBM's revered president J D Watson with the Third Reich,
assisting Hitler in carrying out the business end of his mass imprisonments, slave-laboring and exterminations.
Despite the complete lack of cooperation from IBM in opening their files (to this date), Black went to other sources,
scattered all over Europe and the USA, to root out and correlate 20000 documents that, individually, seem almost routine,
but when arranged chronologically and correlated together, constitute an unassailable, damning testimony against Watson.
The unbelievable amount of time, travel, correspondence, and volunteer work involved spanned several years.

The author is painstakingly careful about quoting directly from actual source documents, so that denial is utterly futile.
It worked - IBM has never attempted to sue Black for libel, slander, fraud, etc, and avoided public comments as much as possible..
I now mention the topic and the book whenever I meet any other tech people in the SF area, who are still uniformly unaware of it.
I perceive that IBM could offer a valid justification that IBM punch cards were just that ("international business machines"),
and that prosecuting IBM for war crimes would be as unjust as prosecuting Underwood for selling typewriters to the Third Reich.
IBM was not selling Zyklon B, or secrets. or munitions materials - what's the problem?
But IBM knows that its deafening silence is its best strategy - if people start asking questions, Black's book is waiting for them.

Having recently read Black's entire book, I can offer my personal assessment of three relevant Wikipedia articles as of 06/17/2017.
Wikipedia article "IBM and the Holocaust" is a good summary of Black's book, but still hedges at several places, with phrases like
"Black argues", "Black asserts", "Black demonstrates", "Black reports", and "Black charges".
The Wikipedia article on "History of IBM" paints an innocent picture of Watson, but does close with a paragraph on Black's book,
although the final sentence deceptively implies Black says that IBM's complicity ended with the US declaration of war. He doesn't.
The Wikipedia article on "IBM" reduces IBM's involvement with the Third Reich to half of one sentence.

IBM's involvement in the holocaust is a towering example of the dark side of "business as usual" in America. Read it.
SadLendy
This book should be required reading for every American. It is well-written and compelling. It delivers on many levels. IBM's complicity with Hitler's cause does not describe it properly. The Nazis could not have accomplished what they did on such a deep and stunningly efficient level without IBM's help. How was this allowed to happen in the first place? How was it so well concealed? Thank you for informing me. You want "free trade" with no regulations? Well, Thomas Watson was just a pure capitalist following the most profitable path. This is but one reason for sensible regulation. BTW, IBM was not the only collaborator during that era. The more I learn, the more I am shocked and amazed. Then, after The War, came Operation Paperclip. Many of the worst war criminals were brought over, not just for NASA, but for our intelligence community. Ironically, it was vital for NASA, but the intelligence community portion was certainly a deal with the devil...
Survivors
You want a depressing fascinating read, this is your book. I like computers, and I like Holocaust history, and this is a wallop of both of them. Really shows you how IBM played both sides before, during, and after the Holocaust, so that they could maximize their profits and keep one foot in Germany and one foot in the USA the whole time. All thanks to punch cards.
Balhala
If you have any interest whatsoever in 20th century history you should buy this book. It is not only worth reading, it is worth re-reading several times. It is one thing to be amazed as to how data processing technology can be applied to eliminate an entire people. It is something else to realize just how much easier it would be to repeat this using modern computers. Edwin Black takes a subject, the presentation of which might be a boring recitation of endless statistics and details, and makes it the sort of book you just have to read another chapter before you put it down.
Kitaxe
This is another hard read from Edwin Black, but it is a very important topic. It is a troubling topic in so many ways. First and formost, to know that corporations you grew up with aided the Nazi extermination of Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses, Gypsies, and others borders on the unfathomable. TO see such raw greed, with a complete lack of any moral fiber, is alarming.
Thomas Watson was such a person. He was the president of IBM, and continued operations in Nazi Germany, throughout the war, using deceptive accounting and other ruses to hide this fact. The facts are, that the tabulating machines that IBM owned and sold and serviced, were used to do the census in Germany and subsequently in all the countries that became part of the Greater Reich, after they were overrun by the Nazis. The census was how they knew who and where the Jews were. They pinpointed them with ease, and then used these same machines, again owned and serviced by IBM, to efficiently move them to concentration camps or slave labor camps by trains organized and scheduled with utmost efficiency. There acts were treasonous, as they were aiding the enemy! They were never charged, though they were investigated, because IBM was playing both sides, ingratiating themselves with the war efforts on this side of the Atlantic. They did not care where or how their money was made, or who from. They wanted more. I am ashamed of this "American" company.
This story troubles me when thinking about how long governments and corportions have been gathering information about us. For over a century. The results can be devastating. I think of all the information the NSA has been collecting about us, and don't find it difficult to imagine that it would be used against us. When George Orwell wrote 1984, and talked about Big Brother, he was warning us about information technology run amok! It happened before, and it can happen again. This gives me a chill!
This was an excellent read, my only criticism being the amount of material and detail which can be daunting. Nonetheless I believe it is a 5 star read.